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This topic applies when determining if a person is in a de facto relationship with another person, who is over the age of consent applicable to the relevant state or territory are committed to each other on a permanent or indefinite basis, are not in a prohibited relationship subsection 4 12subsection 4 13 and:. Note : For determining if a person is in a de facto relationship in situations where they have separated and remain living under one roof please refer to 2.

Act reference: SSAct section 4 12 to section 4 13 Prohibited relationship. A person is a member of a couple under the SSAct if they have a relationship with another person as their partner, where both people are over the age of consent applicable to the relevant state or territoryare committed to each other on a permanent or indefinite basis, are not in a prohibited relationship subsections 4 12 and 4 13and are either:.

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Indicators of a member of a couple relationship are set out in SSAct section 4 3 and the 5 factors listed in the SSAct are described below. It is important to note that same-sex de facto relationships were not recognised under social security and family assistance law prior to 1 July Recognition of same-sex relationships is a ificant social change.

Many people in gay or lesbian relationships will be keen to declare their relationship to Centrelink. Others may find discussing their relationship with Centrelink staff confronting, due to fears regarding disclosure of sexual preference and or a same-sex relationship, stigmatisation or discrimination. Particular care should be taken in conducting de facto assessments for older people in same-sex relationships, and for other vulnerable groups, e.

Note : On 8 Decemberthe Marriage Act was amended to redefine marriage as 'a union of 2 people' and introduced non-gendered language so that the requirements of the Act apply equally to all marriages. It also enabled same-sex marriages that have been, or will be, solemnised under the law of a foreign country to be recognised in Australia.

Note : If the existence of a pre 1 July same-sex relationship is relevant for a claim for a benefit or payment payable for a period 1 July onwards, this relationship can be taken into in the assessment of the claim. However, this is limited to qualifying for benefits and payments, and rates payable from 1 July onwards. The existence of a same-sex relationship prior to 1 July cannot be the basis for backdating qualifications and rates of payment for a pre 1 July period, as the legislation gives legal effect to changed rates of payment from 1 July It is Government policy to encourage people with a disability, or who are aged, to remain in their own home if support is available.

Care relationships exist which involve people of all ages. In cases where a person is sharing with another person primarily for caring reasons and companionship and there is little evidence of other factors present discussed belowthe decision maker should not form the opinion that a de facto relationship exists. Example 1: Kathryn is 23 and has been living in share houses for about 4 years. She has shared with a variety of different people of both sexes, but her friend Richard has also lived in each share house with her. Kathryn and Richard have been close friends since high school. Kathryn is being paid DSP as she suffers from severe clinical depression.

Richard is studying and working part-time. He provides companionship and emotional support to Kathryn when she is severely depressed, takes her to medical appointments and checks to make sure that she takes her medication and is not in danger of harming herself. Kathryn and Richard have separate bedrooms and they have never had a sexual relationship with each other nor are they romantically interested in each other.

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Finding - Although Kathryn and Richard's lives are intertwined in some ways due to their friendship and living in a share household, it could not be said that they are living in a de facto relationship as Richard is providing no more support than that provided by a caring friend regardless of their sex.

Example 2: Oscar is a frail 70 year old age pensioner who has severe arthritis and osteoporosis. He shares his public housing unit with an old family friend Paulo, a 74 year old age pensioner. Both Oscar and Paulo have adult children who do not live in the local area. They provide each other with care and companionship. They have separate bedrooms, no tly owned assets or income and have separate wills. They share all expenses Paulo is suffering from the early stages of dementia and Oscar helps him manage his affairs and ensures that he takes his medication, showers daily etc.

Paulo is able to help assist Oscar if he suffers a fall, and helps Oscar by doing most of the housework, although Oscar is still able to do the cooking. They go shopping together and go out socially to the local club to play bingo and have a drink with friends. Friends and family know that they are not a couple. Finding - They are not living in a de facto relationship as they are only providing each other with support and are caring friends to one another. Frequently there may be an existence of some of the 5 factors, however, the decision should be made on the basis of other information such as why the arrangements are in place, e.

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Example: Shirley had been married to Jack for 20 years when she moved out of the marital home because their relationship had completely broken down, though they remained friends. Five years later Jack was involved in a motor vehicle accident and he subsequently became Looking for a guy to prove they arent all the same quadriplegic. Following the accident he became very depressed and began drinking heavily. Full-time paid carers cared for Jack initially.

However, his alcoholism worsened and he would become quite angry, abusive and sexually disinhibited. The care organisation would no longer provide care for him, as it was not safe for the staff to attend. Shirley reluctantly agreed to move back into the marital home to care for Jack as she recently retired from work and could claim CP. Shirley and Jack had never divorced and they still tly own the home.

Finding - Shirley and Jack could not be considered to be living in a de facto relationship. Shirley is providing the care and support of Jack not because she feels a commitment to their relationship, but due to the fact there was no-one else to care for him and admission to a nursing home was not appropriate due to his age. In deciding de facto cases, both parties may be interviewed and asked to provide additional information. Consideration is then given to the range of information available to determine whether the parties are living in a de facto relationship.

When deciding to interview a partner for additional information discretion must be exercised to ensure that the contact is appropriate. For instance, there may be circumstances, such as where there are indications that family and domestic violence may be present, where it is not appropriate to interview a partner at all. It is not mandatory to obtain evidence from independent professionals to reach a decision that a person is not a member of a couple.

A thorough investigation is to take place before a decision is made, and where possible all evidence is to be verified by external sources in writing. Unless evidence is available, the decision maker should not form an opinion that a person is a member of a couple. The presence of family and domestic violence may indicate that a person, whether or not they reside under the same roof as the other party, is not a member of a couple. Making a determination that a person is a member of a couple requires that the indicators for a de facto relationship outweigh the indicators that the person is not in a de facto relationship.

All 5 factors must be considered. No single factor should be seen as conclusive and not all factors need to be present. For instance, the presence or absence of a sexual relationship is considered but does not, by itself, indicate whether or not a person is a member of a couple. Different groups in society have different views about what constitutes a de facto relationship.

Each case must be considered on its own merits, giving consideration to cultural background including gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender cultural issues, ethnicity and religious beliefs when making a determination. The degree of financial interdependence, including whether arrangements for paying household expenses such as electricity, water, food or telephone are indicative of one person providing financial support for the other. However, it is likely most couples in a de facto relationship will be financially intertwined in some way. The presence of economic abuse may indicate that a relationship has broken down and that a person is no longer considered a member of a couple.

Note: People who share 'sharers' often split financial costs. The cost of accommodation is a major reason why people who are not in a de facto relationship share accommodation and household expenses. People may also share accommodation, as they want the companionship of another person, or for other reasons such as physical and personal security and assistance with home maintenance. Sharers usually share equally the costs of rent, utility bills and basics such as bread, milk, toilet paper, cleaning items, etc.

A person who is considered to be living in a de facto relationship will generally be living under the same roof as another person. If one person is absent from the home it must be determined if the absence is temporary, or permanent. If a couple's home remains the home of an absent partner then the couple is still considered to be living in a de facto relationship. Example 1: If one member of the couple is away on holidays but will be returning to the shared home, they are considered to be living together in a de facto relationship.

Example 2: If one person's employment in their frequent absence from the home and is the only reason for their absence, the couple is considered to be living together in a de facto relationship. Occupations requiring frequent absences from home include truck driving, rigging, mining, commercial fishing, service in the defence forces and army reserves. Example 3: Two people have been in an ongoing intimate relationship for 8 years but live at separate addresses.

Although the 2 are committed to their relationship and are perceived by family and friends to be a couple, they have no plans to live together as neither wishes to ificantly alter their lifestyle. The couple have separate bank s but often pool their resources for holidays, bills and meals, and they share ownership of a holiday home. Finding - the parties may be considered to be in a de facto relationship, despite not living together, as they have an intimate and ongoing relationship, are recognised socially as being in a relationship, and pool resources in certain situations.

Usually one party moves out of the home as a result of the separation.

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Non-custodial parents are gaining more access time with their children and parents are encouraged to maintain a good relationship for the sake of the children. As a result, some non-custodial parents may spend some or a good part of their access visits with their children in the custodial parent's home. Some non-custodial parents may also care for the children in the custodial parent's home while the custodial parent is working, especially if the work is at weekends or at night.

This type of arrangement is not an indicator of a de facto relationship. Example 2: Mary and Joan separated 12 months ago when Joan left the home following the breakdown of their relationship. Neither party wishes to reconcile.

Looking for a guy to prove they arent all the same

Mary receives PPS. She works 5 hours each weeknight packing shelves at the local supermarket. Her ex-partner Joan cares for their 3 children in her home while she is at work, and usually returns to her home to sleep. At times if Joan has to get up early the next day for work or to take one of the children to an early game of soccer she may sleep in the spare bed in her son's room or on the lounge.

Note: Schools, child-care centres, sports organisations, etc. The social aspects of a relationship take into how a couple presents themself to society and how others view them in society. The presence of a sexual relationship does not by itself prove that a couple are living together in a de facto relationship, nor does its absence prove they are not. Inquiry in this area should be restricted to establishing whether there has been the existence of such a relationship and whether it is ongoing and exclusive.

This aspect of the relationship is taken into along with the degree of emotional support and other forms of interdependence and commitment. The decision maker should determine if there is an emotional attachment that is qualitatively different to the commitment of either party to anyone else at that time and qualitatively different to relationships with close relatives, friends or co-tenants. The presence of family and domestic violence may indicate the absence of commitment and that the person is no longer a member of a couple.

Note: 'Indefinite' does not mean that the couple plan to remain together permanently or for life. If a person claims they do not know how long the relationship will last but have no immediate plans to leave the relationship, the relationship is considered indefinite. Act reference: SSAct section 4 2 Member of a couple-general, section 4 3 Member of a couple-criteria for forming opinion about relationship, section 4 3A The Secretary must not form the opinion….

Policy reference: SS Guide 2. Home » Social Security Guide » 2 Claim verification » 2. Examples of a care relationship Example 1: Kathryn is 23 and has been living in share houses for about 4 years. Finding - the parties are 'not living separately and apart on a permanent or indefinite basis'.

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Determining a de facto relationship