Added: Jock Geissler - Date: 30.11.2021 22:47 - Views: 24736 - Clicks: 1980
Staying active will help you get better. Taking painkillers can help you do this. The spine, which is also called the backbone or spinal column, is one of the strongest parts of the body and gives us a great deal of flexibility and strength. These bones have discs in between and lots of strong ligaments and muscles around them for support. There are also the bones in the tailbone at the bottom of the back, which are fused together and have no discs in between.
On either side of the spine, running from top to bottom, are many small ts called the facet ts. The spinal cord connects to the brain through the base of the skull and to the rest of the body by nerves that pass through spaces between the bones of the spine. These nerves are also known as nerve roots. As you grow older, the structures of your spine, such as the ts, discs and ligaments, age as well. As well as the things listed above, there are also specific conditions which are linked with pain felt in the back. Some common conditions are listed below.
As we grow older, the bones, discs and ligaments in the spine can naturally weaken as they age. As we grow older the discs in the spine become thinner and the spaces between the vertebrae become narrower. Little pieces of bone, known as osteophytes, may form at the edges of the vertebrae and facet ts. The medical term for this is spondylosis and is very similar to the changes caused by osteoarthritis in other ts. Keeping the spine supple and the muscles around the spine and pelvis strong, will reduce the impact of spondylosis.
Back pain is sometimes linked with pain in the legs, and there may be numbness or a tingling feeling. This is called sciatica. This is due to a nerve in the spine being pressed on or squeezed. For most people with sciatica, the leg pain can be the worst part and occasionally they may have little or no back pain at all. In most cases sciatica is caused by a bulging disc pressing on the nerve.
Starting gentle exercise as soon as you can will greatly help with sciatica. It is also a very good idea to see a physiotherapist. Sometimes back pain is linked with pain in the legs which starts after you start walking for a few minutes, and then tends to get better very quickly when you sit down.
This is known as spinal stenosis. Problems are caused when something presses on the small space in the middle of the spine, where the nerves are. This space, which is called the spinal canal or nerve root canal, can be squeezed by bone or ligament. Symptoms often affect both legs, but one may be worse than the other. The pain usually gets better when you sit down and rest, and some people find they have less pain if they walk a little stooped.
Like sciatica, the main problem tends to be leg pain more than the back pain. In most cases, neither sciatica nor spinal stenosis are serious problems. However, if the symptoms cause you a lot of trouble and greatly affect your quality of life then you should see your doctor for further advice and to discuss what else can be done.
Even though it's common, most cases of back pain tend to clear up without the need to see a doctor. You should also see your doctor if you have any changes in sexual function, for example, being unable to get an erection. If the pain is causing you ificant problems and stops you from getting on with normal life and work activities, your doctor will examine you and ask you questions. These questions will help predict how likely it is that you need further help with your back pain.
If you do need further support, your doctor will make a referral to physiotherapy so that you can have treatment early, to help with the pain and return to normal activities. However, specialists may not be able to tell you for certain what has caused your back pain, even after carefully assessing you. The above symptoms could potentially be linked to a rare but serious condition that needs urgent medical attention. Should you need further treatment, your GP will be able to assess your back pain by discussing your symptoms with you. Changes to the spine as a result of spondylosis can show up on x-rays.
These common changes that happen to us all can appear on x-rays without people having any pain or problems. Remember that sometimes even after a thorough investigation it might not be possible to say for certain what is causing back pain. The most important things to do to treat back pain is to keep moving, continue with everyday activities and have a healthy lifestyle.
Some people worry that if they have back pain, doing certain activities such as lifting things, twisting and turning might make their back pain worse. Being active and continuing with your everyday activities as soon as possible, and as much as possible, will speed up your recovery. The more positive you are, the more active you are, the quicker your back will get better.
Keeping the muscles around the spine strong, will provide more support to the bones and ts and take pressure off them.
The more you move, the more the back will keep its natural range of movement. If you stop being active for a long time, the muscles in your back become weak and you become less fit, and this can make your back pain worse. Not moving can make your back more stiff and painful. Regular exercise le to shorter and less frequent episodes of back pain. These improve pain and make you feel happier. If you're getting back to exercise, start off gently and gradually increase the amount of exercise you do.
Regular and small episodes of exercise is a good way to start and then each day try to do a little bit more. Try taking some painkillers beforehand too.
Over time, your back will get stronger and more flexible, and this should reduce pain. There are many forms of exercise that have helped people with back pain. Examples include:. Research has found that a specially developed week yoga programme can help people with low back pain lead more active lives and manage their condition more effectively. Many of the people who took part in the study also found that they had the knowledge to prevent further attacks if they felt an episode of back pain coming on.
You can find more information about the week programme at www. You can find some examples of exercises you might like to try to reduce your pain on our exercises for the back. You may feel some discomfort and sometimes pain when you exercise. This feeling is normal and should calm down a few minutes after you finish.
Exercise will help reduce pain and can help you manage your back pain better. The key is to start off gently and to gradually increase the amount you do. Often people stop exercising once their back pain has cleared up. If you're a member of a gym, there may well be personal trainers there who can give you expert advice.
Make sure you tell them about your condition. Simple painkillers such as paracetamol may help to reduce symptoms and allow you to continue with your everyday activities. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, which you can buy at chemists and supermarkets, can also help.
However, if they do help but the pain returns when you stop taking them, you could try another short course. There are also anti-inflammatory creams or gels that can be rubbed onto affected areas. If you have any questions or concerns about what drugs you can take and the dosage, talk to a doctor or a pharmacist.
Read our treatments section for more information. Applying a heat pack to the affected area can ease pain and stiffness. You can use a reusable heat pad which you can buy from chemists and sports shops, a microwavable wheat bag or a hot-water bottle. Make sure you protect your skin from direct contact with heat or ice packs to avoid burns or irritation of your skin.
A tea towel over the heat or ice pack is one way to do that.
Read the instructions carefully if you have bought a heat or ice therapy product. Applying ice or heat for about 15 to 20 minutes at a time is normally enough. Try to maintain good posture when sitting at home, at work or in the car. Staying in awkward positions while working or driving, for example, will affect the soft tissues in your back that support your spine, and will increase your pain or your recovery time.
Try to change your posture often, because remaining in the same position for too long can be bad for you. There are many different complementary treatments that are believed to help with pain relief, and some people do feel better when they use them. Sometimes acupuncture might provide pain relief. Massage is a manual technique which uses rhythmic strokes, kneading or tapping actions to move the muscles and soft tissue of the body. Massage can reduce anxiety and stress levels, ease muscular tension and fatigue, and improve circulation, which all work to reduce pain levels.
Bend your knees when lifting and allow your spine to move as necessary, without twisting it. When doing tasks like carrying shopping, try and split the load between both hands. Keeping the weight close to your body also helps. If you need to lose weight, the key is to regularly burn off more energy than you consume on a daily basis.
about diet. Pain management programmes may help you control your pain and teach you how to live with long-term pain. The sessions will then look at what you can do to overcome difficulties. about pain and arthritis. Taking some painkillers, staying active and doing some specific exercises are generally the most helpful treatments for people with back pain. However, some people will need further medical treatment. Physiotherapy can be useful to improve your strength and flexibility. Exercise is one of the most effective treatments for back pain.Lay back relax and enjoy free massage tailored just 4 u
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