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Going to a Cleveland Clinic location? It can be used by both men and women. Types of birth control can include pills, intrauterine devices IUDvasectomy and condoms. Appointments Birth control is a way for men and women to prevent pregnancy. There are many different methods of birth control. By learning more about the options, you can decide which method is right for you and your partner.
If you are sexually active and don't want a baby, don't wait to use birth control. An unintended pregnancy can happen any time you have unprotected sex. The following information describes many different birth control methods.
Before you choose a method, you should discuss birth control with your partner and your healthcare provider. Birth control methods are only effective if used properly. Make sure that you understand how to correctly use the method you choose. Abstinence is the only birth control that is percent effective and is also the best way to protect you against STDs. You may not be ready to have sex. Don't let someone pressure you into having sex if you don't feel ready. It is an important decision with serious emotional and physical consequences. What is it?
Tubal ligation is surger y to "tie the tubes" fallopian tubes of a woman. This causes permanent sterility by preventing transport of the egg ovum to the uterus. This also blocks the passage of sperm up the tube to the ovulating ovary where fertilization normally occurs. How is it done? Tubal ligation is done in a hospital or outpatient surgical clinic while the patient is asleep given anesthesia. One or two small incisions cuts are made in the abdomen at the navel, and a device similar to a small telescope on a flexible tube called a laparoscope is inserted.
Using instruments that are inserted through the laparoscope, the fallopian tubes are burned or sealed shut.
The skin incision is then stitched closed. Tubal ligation can be performed immediately after childbirth through a small incision near the navel or during a Cesarean section C-section. How effective is it? Except in rare cases, this procedure is almost percent effective. Depending on the technique your doctor uses, tubal ligation has about three to 17 failures in 1, procedures. You should know: Female sterilization is not reversible.
The male condom provides the best protection against most STDs. A vasectomy is a simple, permanent sterilization procedure for men.
The operation, usually done in a physician's office, requires cutting and sealing the vas deferens, the tubes in the male reproductive system that carry sperm. A vasectomy prevents the transport of sperm out of the testes. This surgery does not affect the man's ability to achieve orgasm or ejaculate potency.
There will still be a fluid ejaculate, but there will be no sperm in this fluid. Studies have shown that vasectomy increases sexual satisfaction between couples. Vasectomy is usually done in the surgeon's office while the patient is awake but pain-free using local anesthesia.
A small incision is made in the upper part of the scrotum. The tubes vas deferens are tied off and cut apart. The skin incision is stitched closed. The patient is able to return home immediately. Vasectomy is a much simpler procedure than tubal ligation. Except in rare cases, this procedure is nearly percent effective. Although vasectomy has a failure rate of less than 1 percent, failure, while rare, is possible. It delivers a progestin hormone no estrogenover a three-year period.
How can I get it? It is the most effective form of reversible contraception, with less chance of failure than even female sterilization. The most common side effect is irregular bleeding, though the bleeding tends to be light. This typically improves after six to 12 months, with many women having no further bleeding which is safe. An intrauterine device IUD is a small, flexible, T-shaped device that is placed into the uterus womb.
There two types of IUDs:. The copper stops the sperm from making it through the vagina and uterus to reach the egg, preventing fertilization. The progestin dose of the IUDs are so low, that they have minimal absorption into the body. These IUDs work by causing the cervical mucus to become thicker so the sperm cannot reach the egg. The hormone also thins the lining of the uterus, so menstrual bleeding becomes lighter. How Local Copper Center women want men it used?
Once the IUD has been inserted, the woman does not need to take any further steps to prevent pregnancy. How is it available? After a pelvic exam, the IUD is placed into the uterus through the cervix by a trained healthcare provider. The IUD is close to percent effective. Progestin containing IUDs and the arm implant are the most effective contraceptive options. You should know: Side effects are different for the different IUDs. Copper IUDs may cause more painful and heavy periods in some women. The side effects of progestin containing IUDs are similar to other progestin-only no estrogen methods.
IUDs will need to be removed via a simple office procedure at the expiration time, but can removed at any time before that time if desired. In the rare chance pregnancy occurs while having an IUD, there is greater risk of ectopic pregnancy pregnancy outside the uterus. The pill, patch and ring are medications that women take to prevent pregnancy. The pill is taken daily, the vaginal ring is used once a month, and the patch is changed weekly. A pill is taken at the same time every day. There are several different types of pills. Some are deed to allow the woman to have a period every month and others allow the women to have period every three months or not at all.
All of these methods require that a woman use it regularly. If you forget to use the contraceptive, irregular menstrual cycles are common, and you can get pregnant. In most states, the pill must be ordered for you by your healthcare provider. It is obtained by prescription. In a growing of states it is available over-the-counter without a prescription, under the supervision of a pharmacist. Combined hormonal contraceptives have the potential to be 99 percent effective if used correctly. However, in the real world with typical use, nine out of women will get pregnant each year on the pill because they do not use it correctly.
Some studies show that women who are overweight might be more likely to get pregnant while on the pill than normal weight women. However, the pill is much more effective than the barrier methods such as condoms, diaphragm, cervical cap, contraceptive foam, etc. You should know: The pill can cause minor side effects in the first several months of use, including:. Typically these symptoms resolve.
Estrogen containing contraceptives can increase the risk of blood clots. Estrogen containing contraceptives are not recommended for women who are over 35 years of age if they smoke, but can be used until menopause if you don't smoke cigarettes and are in good health. There are many health benefits to these contraceptives, including lighter, regular periods, as well as less menstrual cramping. Pill users also will notice improvement in acne, PMS, menstrual headaches, as well as a lower risk of uterine and ovarian cancer in pill users.
How do they work? Mini pills work by thickening the cervical mucus so the sperm cannot reach the egg. The hormone in the pills also thins the lining of the uterus, so menstrual bleeding is lightened. A pill is taken every day with no placebo break. With typical use, nine out of women will get pregnant each year on the pill because they do not use it correctly. It is important to take it daily, at the same time each day. Some studies show that women who are overweight might be more likely to get pregnant while on the pill than thinner women.
You should know: The side effects of progestin only pills are similar to other progestin-only no estrogen methods. The mini pill is a good alternative for women who are breastfeeding or who cannot take estrogen in the traditional pill. It is given as an injection into the woman's buttocks or arm. Each injection provides protection against pregnancy for 12 to 15 weeks. It is taken every three months, usually given at the doctor's office.
There is a lower dose formulation that is available to be injected at home by the patient. However, with typical use, six out Local Copper Center women want men women will get pregnant each year on the shot because they do not get the four injections per year on time. Fifty percent of women who use Depo-Provera for more than a year stop getting their periods while on the medication. However, some irregular bleeding can occur, especially in the first year.Local Copper Center women want men
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Birth Control Options