Women seeking couples Campinas

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Women seeking couples Campinas

Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. To know and analyze the critical path followed by women subjected to intimate partner violence until reaching a Reference Center of a Brazilian city, from the perspective of these women. Qualitative research, based on the concept of critical path. Participant observations of the support group of the Reference Center Women seeking couples Campinas interviews with ten women in situations of violence who were followed up in this service. They go to several sectors and services before reaching the Reference Center, such as the police and legal counsel, health and social services.

They find little effective responses from the services, and care is indicated as the most relevant response factor to face the situation. The Reference Center is recognized as an important place of support for women. In addition to governmental efforts to maintain the network structured, the permanent education of the working professionals is also fundamental. Violence against women is a violation of human rights and a serious public health problem in the contemporary world.

A systematic review conducted with studies from to to estimate the global and regional prevalence of intimate partner homicide found that intimate partner was six times higher than the proportion of male homicides 2. Women who experience domestic violence have lower quality of life 3. According to the literature, there are physiological mechanisms that associate exposure to violence with different health effects; therefore, there may be implications for mental health and cognitive functioning.

In addition, the immune system may become weakened, increasing the risk of cancer and viral infections 4 - 5. The construction of Women seeking couples Campinas for this population must include the identification of opportunities to provide support and connect women with other services they need. To this end, it is important to know the itinerary of Women seeking couples Campinas women in order to identify the possible gaps and weaknesses in the services and in their connections, the potential of the care offered by the various services and sectors, and the challenges of this area, which is essential to the tertiary prevention of violence against women.

The critical path is an interactive process comprising the factors that motivate or inhibit affected women and their actions and the social responses they find, which in turn have an impact on their path. The present study was based on the above and its main contribution is to give voice to women in situations of violence, seeking to understand the path they follow to obtain support to cope with this situation.

This knowledge is well developed in international studies, but still incipient in the Brazilian context and in South American countries. More in-depth theoretical discussions are necessary to understand this phenomenon and expose possible cultural differences and less severe intimate partner violence 7 - 8. Thus, the objective of this study was to know and analyze the critical path followed by women subjected to intimate partner violence until reaching a Reference Center of a Brazilian city, from the perspective of these women.

Considering the complexity of the problem, health services must provide a network of services to women in situations of violence, with the t action of areas such as education, public security, social assistance and culture. Health care professionals must understand this in order to expand and qualify the care provided to these women and to address the difficulties in the management of domestic violence 9. Qualitative, descriptive and exploratory research, based on the concept of critical path proposed by PAHO 6. The Reference Center offers individual assistance with a psychologist, a social worker and a lawyer, allows women to participate in workshops to learn activities such as hairdressing, and provides an appropriate place with a social educator to leave the children during care and a support group with weekly meetings, in addition to tours, and other activities.

The participants of this study were women who sought care in this service between the years of andand who met the inclusion criteria: I being over 18 years old; II having suffered domestic violence perpetrated by an intimate partner of any nature; III having sought help at the Reference Center and IV continuing care by going at least a second time to the service. The main researcher began to approach the service by attending the support group. At the end of the meetings, she presented the research proposal individually to the women participating.

Those who agreed to participate were interviewed on pre-established days and times, depending on their schedule. Data collection took place between September and Novemberthrough participant observation and semi-structured interviews. Participant observation was conducted during the activities of the support group of the Reference Center. The support group occurs once a week and lasts two hours.

It is led by the psychologist of the service and the participants are women who seek the service for care. On average, 15 women participate in each group. The main researcher participated in 15 different groups, totaling 30 hours of observation. After the meetings the notes were recorded in the field diary: the people present that day, which subjects were covered, which techniques were used, the main sentences said, the places they went for help, and impressions regarding the environment and possible complications.

The interviews used as guide the instrument developed by PAHO to investigate the critical path of women in situations of violence, which was translated and validated by Brazilian researchers 6 - 8. The script of the semi-structured interviews had the objective of identifying the path they followed when they decided to seek help, their perception of care and the aspects that facilitated or hindered the process of seeking help 8. The interviews were individual and occurred in closed rooms in the premises of the Reference Center.

The interview script began with questions addressing the socio-demographic characteristics of the women, such as age, civil status, level of education, of children, place of residence, occupation and family income.

Did you tell anyone? What motivated you to seek help and where did you go the first time? How was the process? What did they say? How were you treated?

Women seeking couples Campinas

Did they refer you to another service? The of women interviewed was not ly established. During the interviews, as the content was repeated, that is, when the critical path followed by them was established by their speeches, the interviews were closed, totaling ten women. The of interviews is also justified by data that was corroborated during the observations of the support group, in which the interviewees and other participants described their stories and, consequently, the critical path followed until reaching the support service.

Women seeking couples Campinas

In qualitative research, the emphasis is on the experiences and understandings of people about particular phenomena, which can be understood even with a smaller of participants All interviews were recorded using a voice recording application for mobile phones and were later manually transcribed. The longest interview lasted one Women seeking couples Campinas, 57 minutes and 15 seconds, while the shortest interview lasted 26 minutes and 41 seconds. The data from the interviews and from the participant observations were analyzed using the inductive thematic analysis technique, a method used to identify and analyze patterns of qualitative data mainly related to the language used by the participants In order to ensure the validity of the analyzes, other researchers checked the codes and themes according to their reading of the transcribed material and verification of the audios of the interviews; V defining and naming themes - writing a detailed analysis of each theme, identifying its essential characteristics; VI final draft - final element of the analytic process that involves weaving together the analytic narrative and contextualizing it in relation to relevant literature, legal instruments and theoretical concepts.

The research followed ethical aspects of research involving human beings and was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the School of Medical Sciences of the State University of Campinas Protocol No. It also obtained authorization from the coordination of the Reference Center. Secrecy of the participants was kept with the use of fictitious names, and their information was only collected after ing the Informed Consent Form.

The women decided to seek for help when the aggressions became more severe; when the situation became unsustainable or when there was some extreme situation, such as a daughter trying to commit suicide due Women seeking couples Campinas violence suffered by the mother Then he attacked me and I said - No! And also because I saw that it was getting very serious, you know? Because the way he attacked me, the next day I woke up with a swollen face, a swollen eye.

The week that my daughter was having tests it seems that he got even angrier, started cursing me and we would not sleep, and it turned out that the children would not sleep either. My daughter did not do well on the tests. Then she went and took a bunch of pills a couple of days before Christmas. According to their answers when asked if they told anyone about the situation of violence, the main support received was that of their children You do not enter here. Then he left, went away.

Then she took the key and ran to the other house to get clothes for me, you know? She ran there, got some clothes and went back to her house, where I stayed. Other supports received by these women were from their mothers, friends and sisters. For some women, this support was perceived as the most important motivation for seeking help, along with the support of their children.

I tell it to my mother, always. Everything that happens to me, my mother knows. Ivone Yes, yes, I have a friend who participates a lot So she knows what happens. Then she said: no, I always knew it in my head; I knew those were not falls. On the other hand, children, mothers and family members are often not perceived by women as a source of support, since they do not identify the episodes reported as violent or they underestimate the situation I told my mother about the fights, I told my brothers, I told them all, but they thought it was only a tiff, and that we would get back together.

Then when they saw that it was not a silly thing, that I was beaten up Well, it was too late and nobody could help me anymore. Throughout this process, they obtained different answers. The path of women in situations of violence is not linear. The services that composed the critical path of each woman and the service that referred them to the Reference Center are shown below, in Table 1. Among the interviewees, eight filed a police report, usually more than once I filed a report. Then he would get the subpoena and tear it apart.

Then I would come back there again Five filed the report in the DDM Ivanete ; two filed a report in both police stations DDM and conventional The women only went to the conventional police station on weekends, when the DDMs are closed. However, according to the speeches of these women, the police report did not do any good.

One reason for not filing a report is because they did not believe it would help I told her: a report for what? What are you going to do for me?

Women seeking couples Campinas

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